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Calcium Metabolism Disorders

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The amount of calcium in your body is supposed to be closely regulated by the parathyroid glands in conjunction with Vitamin D, and plays a vital role in nerve, muscle and enzyme functions.  The most commonly seen forms of calcium metabolism disorder are osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, and hypoparathyroidism. Potential causes of these disorders include benign growths on the parathyroids, absence or removal of the parathyroid glands, use of certain medications, and underlying medical conditions including diabetes, Cushing syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, kidney disease and anorexia.

The board-certified endocrinologists and internal medicine physicians at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Institute of Tampa have ample experience diagnosing and treating patients with calcium metabolism disorders, and frequently assist those who have been referred to us for care by their primary physicians or another specialist. See below for typical symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatments, and contact us at 813.615.7620 or fill out an appointment request form if we can be of assistance to you or your loved one.


  • Abdominal pain
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Changes in hair texture
  • Confusion
  • Dental issues
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Low blood pressure
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Muscle weakness
  • Reduced bone density
  • Spinal curvature
  • Weight loss


  • Benign parathyroid tumor
  • Diabetes
  • Enlarged parathyroid gland
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Hereditary conditions
  • Infections
  • Long-term use of corticosteroids
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Removal of parathyroid gland
  • Traumatic injury


  • Medications
  • Lifestyle adjustments
  • Dietary adjustments
  • Physical therapy