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Hyperlipidemia

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A leading cause of heart disease and stroke, hyperlipidemia is a condition wherein a patient has a higher-than-normal amount of fat (lipids) in their blood. Triglycerides and cholesterol are types of lipid that are found to be in excess in patients with hyperlipidemia. In a blood test, a triglyceride level of 100 mg/dL is rated as optimal, while anything over 200 mg/dL is considered too high and scores of 150 to 199 mg/DL are seen as “borderline.” Hyperlipidemia is typically detected by a cholesterol test (blood test). Left untreated, hyperlipidemia can increase your likelihood of developing a serious condition called atherosclerosis (otherwise known as hardening of the arteries).

Patients with endocrine disorders including hypothyroidism, diabetes and Cushing syndrome are at higher risk of hyperlipidemia and related heart problems, as are those who smoke, are overweight, have a sedentary lifestyle, drink excessive amounts of alcohol or have a family history of the disease. Postmenopausal women are also prime candidates for hyperlipidemia.

Physicians at the Diabetes and Endocrine Institute of Tampa closely monitor patients with endocrine disorders for the appearance of hyperlipidemia and can provide medications as well as recommended dietary and lifestyle changes for addressing it. Contact us for more information or an appointment at 813.615.7620, or fill out an appointment request form here.

Symptoms and Complications

  • Abdominal pain
  • Angina (chest pain)
  • Heart attack and stroke
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Acute pancreatitis

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Family history
  • Gender (males are more susceptible)
  • Age (postmenopausal women and older men have a greater risk)
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight and not exercising
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Underlying disease (diabetes, hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease)
  • Some medications, including birth control

Diagnostic Methods

Fasting lipid profile blood test

Treatments

  • Dietary and lifestyle changes/regular physical activity
  • Medications
  • Proper management of blood sugar in diabetics
  • Smoking cessation