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Testicular Dysfunction

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The male testes produce testosterone hormones, which are instrumental in the development of the male reproductive organs in-vitro as well as in the appearance of physical characteristics such as facial hair and a deeper voice later in life. They also stimulate sperm production, which is central to fertility.

When too little testosterone is produced due to an issue within the testicles, the condition is called primary hypogonadism; when underproduction of testosterone occurs due to the pituitary gland failing to send necessary signals for the testicles to produce testosterone, this is called secondary hypogonadism.  While problems with low testosterone production can develop in-vitro and during puberty, they can also arise during a man’s adulthood, causing everything from a reduced libido to osteoporosis, infertility, enlarged breast tissue, mood swings, and declining muscles and body hair.

At Diabetes and Endocrinology Institute of Tampa, reproductive endocrinology is one of our specialties, and we frequently assist men with testicular problems including hypogonadism. Call our office at 813.615.7620 to arrange for a medical evaluation, or fill out an appointment request form here.

Symptoms of Hypogonadism

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Fertility problems
  • Diminished libido
  • Reduced body hair
  • Mood changes
  • Increased breast tissue

Causes of Hypogonadism

  • Extra X chromosome (Klinefelter’s syndrome)
  • Excess iron in the blood (hemochromatosis)
  • Testicular injury
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Getting older
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Medications

Diagnosis Tools

  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests for testosterone levels
  • Hormone testing
  • Genetic studies
  • Pituitary imaging
  • Semen analysis
  • Testicular biopsy

Potential Treatments

  • Testosterone replacement therapy
  • Pituitary hormone therapy